The National Governing Body for the Outdoor Pitching Sport of Traditional
American Quoits 4 Pound Competition Weight Steel Quoits


















The Encyclopedia of Sport, 1899 Quoits


Rick Lemberg of Montara, CA. provided me with this 19th Century version of quoit rules which was played in the United States. The information below is reprinted from an 1899 edition hardcover book, the second volume of a two-volume set entitled "The Encyclopedia of Sport" that contains a reference to a very large listing of different sports.  Unfortunately, even with the massive amounts of sporting information comprising the set (a total of 1287 pages between the two volumes), the book includes only one column of text information on the game of Quoits. 





QUOITS – This game is played by driving two iron pegs into the ground 19 yards apart, but it can be altered by agreement to any distance varying from 15 to 20 yards.


It is usual to fix on the weights of each quoit.  The quoit is a flattened ring of iron thick at its inner and thin at its outer edge; the pin is variously called spud, hob, or spike.  To play it properly, a man should possess considerable strength in the arms and shoulders, and a quick eye will enable him to acquire the requisite pitch.   The players are generally two or four – two to a side.  Each player has two quoits and throws one round, endeavoring to fall over the hob; after each has had a turn, the first recommences, and so on, throwing back to the hob whence they recommenced.  The quoit is held with the forefinger along its outer edge, in which there is a small dent for the end of the finger to lie in without being cut.   The two surfaces are held between the thumb and the other fingers, and the quoit is pitched with a slight rise and with a rotary motion to make it pass smoothly through the air.  The score depends upon the quoit falling on the hob, or as near it as possible. A ringer, that is, a quoit which surrounds the pin, scores two; two ringers count four.  If a player’s two quoits are nearer the hob than his antagonists, he scores two; if he has but one nearer, he scores only one, but when the nearest quoits are equidistant and belong to different players, neither scores.


F. T. Pollok






The distance from pin to pin shall be as agreed; the player shall stand level with the hob and deliver his quoit with the first step.



No quoit which measures more than eight inches external diameter shall be used; the weights may be unlimited or as agreed upon.



The Hobs to be an inch above the surface of the ground, which should be if possible clayey, or sufficiently soft for the quoits to be partially embedded.



All measurements should be taken from the pin to the nearest visible part of the quoit; the quoit and the soil must not be disturbed.



No quoit shall count unless fairly delivered in the clay free from the outer rim.  No quoit on its back shall count unless it holds the clay or is knocked out by another quoit.  No quoit rolling on the ground shall count unless it first strikes another quoit or the pin.



Each player must deliver his quoits in succession, his opponents then following.



The fiat of an umpire shall be final in cases of dispute.